How Cashmere is Made

The art of weaving has been around since the Stone Age.

Traditional weavers use techniques and designs that reflect their cultural origins.

Today’s fashion industry has built on this tradition to produce fine wool garments. Designers keep a record of the fabrics they have created over the years. They pin samples and books based on quality, colors, and patterns for their customers to choose from.

This is what cashmere goat hair looks like when it arrives at the wool mill. Short fibers called flocks go through a carding machine. This machine opens up the fibers and mixes colors together.

The carding process removes impurities and reduces the fibers to a flat layer. The machine combs and twists the layer of fiber in preparation for spinning.

The spinner separates the layer into threads and winds each one on bobbins of over 40 pounds.

Then an operator loads yarn into a dyeing machine. The entire fiber drying process takes about two hours for a big-sized wheel.

Uncarded locks of hair called wool tops are used to make yarn. A worker feeds the ribbon like thread into a blending machine. The blended process merges 12 threads into one large strip.

The machine recombs and twists the blended fibers then spins them into a single strand. It’s an amazing process.

The coating machine winds the single thread into the comb. By pulling it with a tensioning device with a series of spindles underneath.